Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Sabapathikku

Courtesy http://amrithavarshini.proboards.com/thread/871/sabhaapathikku-veru-dheivam-gopalakrishna-bharathi

The legend is that once, Bharati visited the legendary Tyagaraja. The bard, on coming to know that the visitor to his house was from Mayuram, asked, "Do you know Gopalakrishna Bharati?" The affirmative answer led to a lengthy conversation.  Bharti then listened to his disciples sing a kriti of Thyagaraja "Manasu Nilpa" in the Ragam Abhogi. Then he went to bathe in the river Kaveri, and composed the famous kriti "Sabhapatikku Veru Deivam Samanamaguma" on the spot in Thamizh in the same ragam on Lord Nataraja of Chidambaram. When he came back to Thyagaraja's house, Thyagaraja asked GKB if he has composed any kriti in Abhogi. GKB said he did so after hearing Thyagaraja's kriti and sang it for him. Thyagaraja was happy and showered praise on Bharati.

Gopalakrishna Bharathi.jpgNataraja-8.jpg

Sabhaapathikku Veru Dheivam – Composer : Sri Gopalakrishna Bharathi – Raga : Aabhogi 

Pallavi

சபாபதிக்கு வேறு தெய்வம் சமானமாகுமா தில்லை 

Sabhaapathikku Veru Dheivam Samaanamaagumaa Thillai

Can there be another god like the Sabaapathi of Chidambaram?

Anupallavi

கிருபானிதி இவரைப்போல கிடைக்குமோ இந்த தரணி தனிலே 

Krupaanidhi Ivaraippola Kidaikkumo Indha Dharani Thanile


Can we get another merciful one like him on this earth?

Charanam

ஒரு தரம் சிவ சிதம்பரம் என்று சொன்னால் போதுமே
பரகதிக்கு வேறு புண்ணியம் பண்ண வேண்டுமோ
அரியர் புலயர் மூவர் பாதம் அடைந்தார் என்று புராணம்
அறிந்து சொல்ல கேட்டோம் கோபாலக்ருஷ்ணன் பாடும் தில்லை 

Oru Daram Siva Chidambaram Endru Uraiththaal Podume
Paragathikku Veru Punniyam Panna Vendumaa
Ariyar Pulayar Moovar Paadham Adaindaar Endre Puraanam
Arindhu Solla Kettom Gopaalakrishnan Potrum Thillai

It is enough if we just once utter His name "Siva Chidambaram". For attaining salvation nothing else is needed. We have heard from Puranas that three devotees belonging to lower caste have attained salvation. The Lord of Thillai worshipped by Gopalakrishnan.

Legend

Once, Bharati visited the legendary Tyagaraja. The bard, on coming to know that the visitor to his house was from Mayuram, asked, "Do you know Gopalakrishna Bharati?" The affirmative answer led to a lengthy conversation. Bharti then listened to his disciples sing a kriti of Thyagaraja "Manasu Nilpa" in the Ragam Abhogi. Then he went to bathe in the river Kaveri, and composed the famous kriti "Sabhapatikku Veru Deivam Samanamaguma" on the spot in Thamizh in the same ragam on Lord Nataraja of Chidambaram. When he came back to Thyagaraja's house, Thyagaraja asked GKB if he has composed any kriti in Abhogi. GKB said he did so after hearing Thyagaraja's kriti and sang it for him. Thyagaraja was happy and showered praise on GKB.

The phrase "Ariya Pulaiyar Moovar" in this kriti evokes deep feelings in everyone who hears this kriti. It is widely known that Sri Gopala Krishna Bharati, although born a Brahmin, was an ardent supporter of the downtrodden folks, especially harijans, as is obvious from his magnum opus "Nandanar Charitira Kirtanai", a Thamizh opera glorifying the low-caste farm hand Nandan for his flagrant bhakthi, who was later inducted in the Nayanmar Hall of Fame as "Tirunaalaippovaar". The term "ariya pulaiyar moovar" refers to three "untouchables" i.e. Nandanar, Thillai Vettiyaan, and Perraan Saambhan who lived in the area around Thillai Chidambaram and were supposed to have attained Godhead as a reward for their piety. Nandanar was featured in the "Periya Puranam" by Sekkizhar. The other two lived in later times. A fervent shaivite by name Umapati Shivachariyar (14th century CE) initiated Perraan Saambhan (a person born as a pulaiyar) into shaivism (prohibited act in those days) under the guidance of a letter given by God. The ardent shaivite was excommunicated by the Thillai Brahmins for that sacrilegious(!) act. GB glorified all the three of them by mentioning "Ariya Pulaiyar Moovar" in this kriti. 



Read more: http://amrithavarshini.proboards.com/thread/871/sabhaapathikku-veru-dheivam-gopalakrishna-bharathi#ixzz3LUQDhs9i

See the link below to hear the song sung by Sri M.D. Ramanathan.

Sabhaapathikku Veru Dheivam - Sri Gopalakrishna Bharathi